Non-small cell lung cancer

C M Haskell, E C Holmes
Current Problems in Cancer 1987, 11 (1): 1-53
Lung cancer stands as the most important malignant neoplasm in the United States because of its high prevalence, increasing incidence, high rate of mortality, and great potential for prevention through the control of cigarette smoking. The World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lung cancer identifies four major types: squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma, and small cell carcinoma. These tumors are commonly divided into two groups based on differences in their biology and treatment: small cell (SCLC) and non-small cell carcinomas (NSCLC). This review analyzes NSCLC with a strong emphasis on the practical aspects of treatment. We give recommendations about smoking cessation and early diagnosis through screening of high-risk individuals. We review contemporary diagnostic and staging techniques in the context of the new international TNM system of staging. Subsequent discussions of treatment are based on this new staging system. We stress the pivotal role of surgery for the management of local disease, and in addition present the potential contributions of newer radiation therapy techniques. We examine chemotherapy in detail, including a review of the comparative activity of the available cytotoxic agents against NSCLC, the relative contribution of combination chemotherapy, and the role of surgical adjuvant treatment with either chemotherapy or immunotherapy. We advise that patients with NSCLC be treated under the aegis of modern clinical trials of new therapy whenever possible. When this is not possible, we recommend an individualized approach based on such factors as the patient's age, general state of health, cardiopulmonary status, psychosocial status, and personal system of values.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"