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JOURNAL ARTICLE

A systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among adolescent girls in selected Indian states

Angeline Jeyakumar, Vidhya Shinde
Nutrition and Health 2018 October 10, : 260106018805360
30304971

BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency among adolescents is an emerging public health priority as adolescence marks a period of rapid growth and the onset of the reproductive phase. However, lack of national prevalence data and intervention strategies is of public health concern.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the pooled prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among adolescent girls in selected Indian states.

METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using three different search engines. The searches yielded nine eligible articles. Study quality was assessed for 10 different criteria. Meta-analysis was performed to estimate pooled prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among adolescent girls and to assess the heterogeneity among selected studies.

RESULTS: A sample of n=1352 was used to study prevalence among adolescent girls. The random effects combined estimate for overall prevalence was 25.70% (95% CI 3.89-2137.9). High heterogeneity (tau2 =1.71, I2 =100%) was observed and seven out of nine studies showed low to moderate risk and two showed high risk of bias. The test for overall effect was observed to be Z=0.77 ( p=0.44).

CONCLUSIONS: High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among adolescent girls identifies the need to introduce screening of adolescents and introduce proven public-health interventions such as fortification of foods to address deficiency.

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