Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to prevent heterotopic ossification after spinal cord injury: a retrospective chart review.

Spinal Cord 2019 March
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review.

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) prophylaxis for heterotopic ossification (HO) in the acute phase after spinal cord injury (SCI).

SETTING: Acute rehabilitation hospital in California, USA.

METHODS: This retrospective chart review (October 2013-March 2017) included individuals with motor complete SCI followed by the SCI service within 60 days of injury. Group demographics and HO diagnosis were compared in those who received and those who did not receive NSAID prophylaxis. A backward stepwise multiple regression was employed to assess the predictive association between injury characteristics and HO prophylaxis on HO diagnosis.

RESULTS: A total of 108 AIS A and B cases were included, and 27 received ≥ 15 days of therapy (overall range 6-44 days). Logistic regression analysis revealed those who received ≥ 15 days of NSAID prophylaxis had an odds ratio of 0.1 of being diagnosed with HO compared with those who did not (95% CI, 0.02 to 0.52). Significant predictors of HO diagnosis were tracheostomy (OR 2.8, 95% CI, 1.05 to 7.5), urinary tract infection (OR 4.3, 95% CI, 1.5 to 12.2), and pressure injury (OR 3.3, 95% CI, 1.1 to 9.5). Adverse effects of NSAID use were minimal.

CONCLUSIONS: NSAID prophylaxis appears to help prevent HO development during the acute phase after SCI. Prospective study with prolonged follow up is necessary to confirm the long-term efficacy of HO prevention and to further evaluate safety following spinal fusion.


Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app