A CARE-compliant article: Extranasal glial heterotopia in a female infant: A case report

Weigang Gan, Yu Xiang, Yiping Tang, Xinrong He, Juanjuan Hu, Fengjuan Yang, Shixi Liu, Junming Xian, Juan Meng
Medicine (Baltimore) 2018, 97 (38): e12000

RATIONALE: Nasal glial heterotopia is a rare type of neoplasm consisting of meningothelial and/or neuroglial elements.

PATIENT CONCERNS: A 17-month-old female infant was evaluated for treatment for a congenital mass present since birth on the right side of the nasal dorsum.

DIAGNOSES: The patient was preoperatively diagnosed with a congenital extranasal neoplasm.

INTERVENTIONS: Surgery was performed under general anesthesia, and the mass was completely resected. The tissue was sent for histological examination, and the diagnosis was of extranasal glial heterotopia.

OUTCOMES: The surgical outcome was good, and no surgical site infection was recorded. After 6 months of follow-up, the girl was asymptomatic with no recurrence.

LESSONS: Surgical excision, a curative method used to address extranasal glial heterotopia, resulted in no recurrence during the clinical follow-up period. The potential for an intracranial connection must always be kept in mind when considering how to surgically treat a congenital midline mass to prevent the risk of cerebrospinal fluid leakage.

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