JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Nimodipine for the treatment of otolaryngic indications

Jonathan H Sin, Hira Shafeeq, Zachary D Levy
American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP 2018 September 15, 75 (18): 1369-1377
30190294

PURPOSE: The uses of nimodipine for otolaryngic indications are reviewed, and recommendations for its use in clinical practice are provided.

SUMMARY: Nimodipine is currently indicated for the improvement of neurologic outcomes in adult patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). However, other oral and i.v. calcium channel blockers have not exhibited the same beneficial effects in patients with aSAH, leading clinicians to believe that nimodipine possesses unique neuroprotective effects in addition to its calcium channel-blocking and vasodilatory properties. Consequently, clinical investigations of nimodipine have been conducted for cochlear and facial nerve preservation after vestibular schwannoma (VS) surgery, symptomatic management of Ménière's disease and peripheral vertigo, and recovery of vocal cord paralysis after laryngeal nerve injury. Three prospective randomized studies have investigated nimodipine for hearing and/or nerve preservation in patients undergoing VS resection, the results of which have suggested a potential benefit of initiating nimodipine during the perioperative period. Several studies of Ménière's disease and/or peripheral vertigo have reported improved symptom control with nimodipine. For vocal fold paralysis associated with recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury, nimodipine may increase the recovery rate based on the results of 1 nonrandomized prospective study that used nimodipine in a protocolized manner. One small pilot study found that nimodipine improved facial nerve function after maxillofacial surgery.

CONCLUSION: Due to its proposed vasoactive and neuroprotective effects, nimodipine may play a role in the treatment of a number of otolaryngic pathologies including VS, Ménière's disease, peripheral vertigo, RLN injury, and facial weakness after maxillofacial surgery. Small studies have shown improved symptom control and recovery after surgery. Since all of the aforementioned indications are still considered off label, clinicians and patients should collaboratively assess the risks and benefits before initiating treatment.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
30190294
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"