Cardiovascular biomarkers in the years following pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders or delivered preterm

Lauren J Tanz, Jennifer J Stuart, Stacey A Missmer, Eric B Rimm, Jennifer A Sumner, Mary A Vadnais, Janet W Rich-Edwards
Pregnancy Hypertension 2018, 13: 14-21

BACKGROUND: Women with a history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and preterm delivery have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Chronic inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and dyslipidemia may link pregnancy outcomes with CVD.

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether women with a history of HDP or normotensive preterm delivery had adverse CVD biomarker profiles after pregnancy.

STUDY DESIGN: We identified parous women from the Nurses' Health Study II with C-reactive protein (CRP; n = 2614), interleukin-6 (IL-6; n = 2490), glycated hemoglobin (n = 885), intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (n = 1231), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (n = 931), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (n = 931), triglycerides (n = 1428), or total cholesterol (n = 2940) assessed in stored blood samples. Multivariable-adjusted robust linear regression models evaluated percent differences and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in each biomarker associated with a history of HDP or preterm delivery.

RESULTS: Ten percent of women had a history of HDP, while 11% with normotensive pregnancies had at least one preterm delivery. Median time from first pregnancy to blood draw was 17 years (interquartile range: 12, 22). Plasma levels of CRP and IL-6 were 34.4% (95% CI: 17.2, 54.1), and 11.6% higher (95% CI: 2.1, 21.9) respectively, among women with a history of HDP compared to those with only normotensive pregnancies. Altered CVD biomarker levels were otherwise not present in women with a history of HDP or preterm delivery.

CONCLUSION: CRP and IL-6, but not other CVD biomarkers, were elevated in women with a history of HDP in the years following pregnancy, suggesting inflammation may be a pathway linking HDP with future CVD risk.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"