Early outcomes of stereoelectroencephalography followed by MR-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy: a paradigm for minimally invasive epilepsy surgery

Kelsey Cobourn, Islam Fayed, Robert F Keating, Chima O Oluigbo
Neurosurgical Focus 2018, 45 (3): E8
OBJECTIVE Stereoelectroencephalography (sEEG) and MR-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT) have both emerged as minimally invasive alternatives to open surgery for the localization and treatment of medically refractory lesional epilepsy. Although some data are available about the use of these procedures individually, reports are almost nonexistent on their use in conjunction. The authors' aim was to report early outcomes regarding efficacy and safety of sEEG followed by MRgLITT for localization and ablation of seizure foci in the pediatric population with medically refractory lesional epilepsy. METHODS A single-center retrospective review of pediatric patients who underwent sEEG followed by MRgLITT procedures was performed. Demographic, intraoperative, and outcome data were compiled and analyzed. RESULTS Four pediatric patients with 9 total lesions underwent sEEG followed by MRgLITT procedures between January and September 2017. The mean age at surgery was 10.75 (range 2-21) years. Two patients had tuberous sclerosis and 2 had focal cortical dysplasia. Methods of stereotaxy consisted of BrainLab VarioGuide and ROSA robotic guidance, with successful localization of seizure foci in all cases. The sEEG procedure length averaged 153 (range 67-235) minutes, with a mean of 6 (range 4-8) electrodes and 56 (range 18-84) contacts per patient. The MRgLITT procedure length averaged 223 (range 179-252) minutes. The mean duration of monitoring was 6 (range 4-8) days, and the mean total hospital stay was 8 (range 5-11) days. Over a mean follow-up duration of 9.3 (range 5.1-16) months, 3 patients were seizure free (Engel class I, 75%), and 1 patient saw significant improvement in seizure frequency (Engel class II, 25%). There were no complications. CONCLUSIONS These early data demonstrate that sEEG followed by MRgLITT can be used safely and effectively to localize and ablate epileptogenic foci in a minimally invasive paradigm for treatment of medically refractory lesional epilepsy in pediatric populations. Continued collection of data with extended follow-up is needed.

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