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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Abdominal Physical Signs and Medical Eponyms: Physical Examination of Palpation Part 1, 1876-1907

Vaibhav Rastogi, Devina Singh, Halil Tekiner, Fan Ye, Nataliya Kirchenko, Joseph J Mazza, Steven H Yale
Clinical Medicine & Research 2018, 16 (3-4): 83-91
30166497

BACKGROUND: Abdominal palpation is a difficult skill to master in the physical examination. It is through the tactile sensation of touch that abdominal tenderness is detected and expressed through pain. Its findings can be used to detect peritonitis and other acute and subtle abnormalities of the abdomen. Some techniques, recognized as signs or medical eponyms, assist clinicians in detecting disease and differentiating other conditions based on location and response to palpation. Described in this paper are medical eponyms associated with abdominal palpation from the period 1876 to 1907.

DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Medline, on-line Internet word searches, textbooks and references from other source text were used as the data source. PubMed was searched using the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) of the name of the eponyms and text words associated with the sign.

CONCLUSION: We present brief historical background information about the physician who reported the sign, original description of the sign, and its clinical application and implication in today's medical practice.

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