JOURNAL ARTICLE

The "extracapsular cystic" sign in pancreatic serous cystic neoplasms: A clinicopathologic study of 177 patients with cystic pancreatic lesions

Hai-Yan Chen, Jin Zhao, Yuan-Fei Lu, Sang-Ying Lv, Jie-Yu Chen, Yao Pan, Dan Shi, Xiu-Fang Xu, Ri-Sheng Yu
European Journal of Radiology 2018, 106: 167-172
30150040

OBJECTIVE: To assess a new imaging feature that we have named the extracapsular cystic sign which can make a constructive contribution towards differentiating serous cystic neoplasms (SCNs) from other pancreatic cystic lesions.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 177 CTs/MRIs of patients who underwent pancreatic resection of cystic lesions at two institutions from January 2011/2013, to September 2017. For each patient, demographic information, clinical presentation, especially imaging features were carefully investigated by two experienced abdominal radiologists, retrospectively. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS V.23.0.

RESULTS: Twenty-one lesions had extracapsular cystic signs which were newly discovered, 17 (28.3%) of 60 SCNs and 4 (3.4%) (mucinous cystic neoplasm = 1, walled-off necrosis = 2, retention cyst = 1) of 117 Non-SCNs were included, from which indicating that the extracapsular cystic sign was more often detected on SCNs. As for 21 lesions, 86% (n = 18) were females, and mean age at diagnosis was 51.2 years. 71% (n = 15) located in the pancreatic body and tail. Average size was 27.2 mm (23.7-53.4), mean (SD) ratio of biggest daughter cyst to mother cyst was 0.51[0.14] (p = 0.99), average (SD) angle between two of them was 105.5° [14.9] (p = 0.84). The average time interval between last imaging examination and surgery was 8.4 days.

CONCLUSIONS: The new sign named the extracapsular cystic sign in SCNs may help differentiate SCNs from other pancreatic cystic lesions. Furthermore, this study supports an original diagnosis for SCNs when the sign of extracapsular cyst appears.

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