Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo associated with Meniere's disease

Meichan Zhu, Feng Yu, Feng Zhou, Haitao Wang, Yuenong Jiao, Meng Wang, Lifen Huang, Zijian Liang
Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation 2018 August 21

OBJECTIVE: We studied the clinical features of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) associated with Meniere's disease.

METHODS: The medical records of 120 patients with BPPV was retrospectively analyzed. Complete otolaryngological, audiological, and neurotological evaluation results were available for all patients, including nystagmography. All patients were diagnosed using the Dix-Hallpike test or roll test and treated with the canalith repositioning procedure. The outcomes were compared among the three groups.

RESULTS: A series of 120 BPPV cases. Results showed that Group A and Group B based on the following features: unilateral semicircular canal BPPV occurred more often than bilateral BPPV and the posterior semicircular canal was the most common canal involved. Additionally, Meniere's disease patients with multiple semicircular canal BPPV required repeated canalith repositioning procedures and had a higher recurrence rate.

CONCLUSION: A lower treatment success rate and a higher recurrence rate were found in the BPPV patients with Meniere's disease compared with the patients without Meniere's disease. The recurrence rate was highest in the patients with multiple semicircular canal BPPV with Meniere's disease.


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