RUNX2 Plays An Oncogenic Role in Esophageal Carcinoma by Activating the PI3K/AKT and ERK Signaling Pathways

Huibin Lu, Tian Jiang, Kewei Ren, Zongming Li Li, Jianzhuang Ren, Gang Wu, Xinwei Han
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 2018, 49 (1): 217-225

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Esophageal carcinoma is a frequently occurring cancer at upper gastrointestinal tract. We aimed to evaluate the roles and possible mechanism of Runt Related Transcription Factor 2 (RUNX2) in the development of esophageal cancer.

METHODS: The expression of RUNX2 in esophageal carcinoma tissues and cells was investigated by qRT-PCR. Effects of RUNX2 on cell viability, apoptosis, migration and invasion were assessed using MTT assay, flow cytometry assay/western blot analysis, and Transwell assays, respectively. Afterwards, effects of RUNX2 on of the activation of the PI3K/AKT and ERK pathways were explored by Western blot analysis. In addition, a PI3K/AKT pathway inhibitor LY294002 and an ERK inhibitor U0126 were applied to further verify the regulatory relationship between RUNX2 and the PI3K/AKT and ERK signaling pathways. Besides, the RUNX2 function on tumor formation in vivo was investigated by tumor xenograft experiment.

RESULTS: The result showed that RUNX2 was highly expressed in esophageal carcinoma tissues and cells. Knockdown of RUNX2 significantly inhibited TE-1 and EC-109 cell viability, repressed TE-1 cell migration and invasion, and increased TE-1 cell apoptosis. RUNX2 overexpression showed the opposite effects on HET-1A cells. Moreover, RUNX2-mediated TE-1 cell viability, migration and invasion were associated with the activation of the PI3K/AKT and ERK pathways. Besides, knockdown of RUNX2 markedly suppressed tumor formation in vivo.

CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that RUNX2 may play an oncogenic role in esophageal carcinoma by activating the PI3K/ AKT and ERK pathways. RUNX2 may serve as a potent target for the treatment of esophageal carcinoma.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"