The protective effect of formononetin on cognitive impairment in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice

Jinchun Wang, Lei Wang, Jie Zhou, Aiping Qin, Zhujing Chen
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy 2018, 106: 1250-1257
The present study was aimed to elucidate the pharmacological effect of Formononetin (FMN) treatment on STZ-induced diabetic cognitive dysfunction. The diabetic model was induced by an intraperitoneally injection of 180 mg/kg STZ. The animals were randomly divided into five groups: control group, streptozocin (STZ, 180 mg/kg) group, STZ + metformin (Met, 200 mg/kg) group, STZ + FMN (25 mg/kg) group, STZ + FMN (50 mg/kg) group. The mice were intragastrically administrated with metformin (Met, 200 mg/kg) or FMN (25, 50 mg/kg) once daily for 6 weeks. The blood glucose content and body weight were examined. Morris water maze test and Y maze test were used to evaluate the learning and memory abilities. The cognitive decline was reversed by regulating superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-α), interleukin(IL)-1β, IL-6 in serum and hippocampus. The protein expressions of high mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1), toll like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiating factor 88 (MyD88), inhibitor of NF-κB (IκBα), p-IκBα, nuclear factor kappa-B(NF-κB), p-NF-κB, NOD-like receptor 3(NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD(ASC) and caspase-1 were detected. Furthermore, the SH-SY5Y cells were exposed to high glucose stimulation, FMN (2.5, 5 and 10 μM) treatment, and glycyrrhizin, the selective inhibitor of HMGB1. After an incubation for 22 h, the SH-SY5Y cells were harvested for detection. As a result, FMN treatment effectively attenuated the body weight, learning and memory abilities, as well as the levels of blood glucose, SOD, MDA, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6. FMN administration also downregulated the protein expressions of HMGB1, TLR4, MyD88, p-IκB, p-NF-κB, NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1. The inhibition of HMGB1 by glycyrrhizin also confirmed the involvement of HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 pathway in high glucose-induced SH-SY5Y cells. In summary, the results suggested that FMN exhibited the protective effect on STZ-induced cognitive impairment possibly via the mediation of HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB signaling and NLRP3 inflammasome.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"