Your institution is subscribed to Read Institutional Edition. Log in or Sign Up to read full text articles.


Fatal Neutropenic Enterocolitis Caused by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia: A Rare and Underrecognized Entity

Satoshi Kaito, Noritaka Sekiya, Yuho Najima, Naoki Sano, Shinichiro Horiguchi, Kazuhiko Kakihana, Tsunekazu Hishima, Kazuteru Ohashi
Internal Medicine 2018 December 15, 57 (24): 3667-3671
Although Stenotrophomonas maltophilia causes substantial morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients, it has not been described as a causal pathogen of neutropenic enterocolitis (NEC). We describe the first case of histologically-confirmed NEC caused by S. maltophilia accompanied by bacteremia and pneumonia after salvage chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia relapse following a second hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. S. maltophilia should be included as a pathogenic organism of NEC in severely immunocompromised patients to prevent a delayed diagnosis, which carries a high risk of inappropriate antimicrobial selection and fatal outcome.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.