Urethral reconstruction in patients previously treated with Memokath™ urethral endoprosthesis

J C Angulo, J Pankaj, I Arance, S Kulkarni
Actas Urologicas Españolas 2018 August 9

PURPOSE: To evaluate the role and success rate of urethral reconstruction in patients with urethral stricture previously treated with thermos-expandable Memokath™ urethral endoprosthesis.

MATERIALS AND METHOD: A case series of patients with urethral stricture and Memokath™ endoprosthesis treated with urethroplasty is presented. Reconstruction was decided due to stricture progression or complications derived from primary stent treatment. Age, stricture and stent length, time between stent placement and urethroplasty, mode of stent retrieval, type of urethroplasty, complications and voiding parameters before and after urethroplasty were evaluated. Successful outcome was defined as standard voiding, without need of any postoperative procedure.

RESULTS: Eight cases with bulbar urethra stricture were included. Memokath™ was endoscopically retrieved before urethroplasty in 6 (75%) and by open urethrotomy at the time of urethroplasty in 2 (25%). Technique of urethroplasty was dorso-lateral onlay buccal mucosa graft in 5 (62.5%) cases and excision and primary anastomosis, anastomotic urethroplasty, and dorsal onlay buccal mucosa graft in one (12.5%) case each. There was no failure at 26±21.5 months median follow-up. Total IPSS, QoL, Qmax and postvoid residual significantly improved (P<.05). The only complication presented was epididymitis and penile shortening in one patient (12.5%).

CONCLUSIONS: Urethroplasty after re-stricture or other complications in patients with temporary Memokath™ urethral stent is a viable and definite option of reconstruction with excellent results in the short term and few complications. One-side dorsolateral onlay buccal mucosa graft augmentation is the optimal technique for this indication.

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