Flavobacterium chryseum sp. nov. and Flavobacterium psychroterrae sp. nov., novel environmental bacteria isolated from Antarctica

Stanislava Králová, Pavel Švec, Hans-Jürgen Busse, Eva Staňková, Peter Váczi, Ivo Sedláček
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 2018, 68 (10): 3132-3139
A group of rod-shaped, aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, gliding bacteria producing flexirubin-type pigment was isolated from environmental samples collected in Antarctica in 2009-2014. Phylogenetic analysis of the almost complete 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed two separated branches belonging to the genus Flavobacterium. Group I (n=8), represented by strain CCM 8826T , shared the highest sequence similarity to Flavobacterium collinsii 983-08T (98.8 %) and Flavobacterium saccharophilum DSM 1811T (98.4 %), and group II (n=4) represented by strain CCM 8827T shared the highest similarity to Flavobacterium aquidurense WB 1.1-56T (99.6 %). High genetic homogeneity of both groups, separation from each other and from phylogenetically close Flavobacterium species was verified by the rep-PCR fingerprinting method. DNA-DNA hybridization confirmed low genomic relatedness between strain CCM 8826T and F. collinsii 983-08T and F. saccharophilum DSM 1811T (18 and 28 %, respectively) and between strain CCM 8827T and F. aquidurense WB 1.1-56T (27 %). Chemotaxonomic analyses of strains CCM 8826T and CCM 8827T revealed the respiratory quinone to be MK-6, the major identified polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine and the predominant polyamine was sym-homospermidine. The common major fatty acids were C15 : 0 iso, C17 : 0 iso 3OH, C15 : 1 iso G, Summed Feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c), C15 : 0 iso 3OH and additionally, C15 : 0 anteiso among group II members. All analyses confirmed that strains of group I and II represent two novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the names Flavobacterium chryseum sp. nov. (type strain CCM 8826T =P3160T =LMG 30615T ) and Flavobacterium psychroterrae sp. nov. (type strain CCM 8827T =P3922T =LMG 30616T ) are proposed.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"