Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

The Manchester Large Macular Hole Study: Is it Time to Reclassify Large Macular Holes?

PURPOSE: To evaluate anatomic and functional outcomes of full-thickness macular holes (FTMH) larger than 400 μm following vitrectomy, internal limiting membrane peel, gas tamponade, and face-down posturing.

DESIGN: A retrospective interventional case series.

METHODS: A total of 258 consecutive eyes with FTMH larger than 400 μm were enrolled at the Manchester Royal Eye Hospital study over a 5-year period from 2012 to 2017. All eyes underwent pars plana vitrectomy, ILM peel, and gas tamponade. Anatomic success rates were measured. A correlation between macular hole size and closure was evaluated.

RESULTS: A total of 258 eyes were analyzed. The anatomic closure rate was 89.92%. When divided into quartiles, the closure rate of FTMH was 98% (64/65) in the 400-477 μm quartile, 91% (59/65) in the 478-558 μm quartile, 94% (60/64) in the 559-649 μm quartile, and 76% (49/64) in the 650-1416 μm quartile. Using receiver operating characteristic and area under the curve analysis, the maximum sensitivity and specificity was obtained with a cutoff ≤ 630 μm (sensitivity 76.7%, specificity 69.2%) giving a Youden index (J) of 0.46. One hundred and forty-six eyes (56.6%) improved by 0.3 logMAR units from their preoperative best-corrected visual acuity at 3 months following surgery.

CONCLUSION: This study shows that standard FTMH surgical repair has very high success rate up to 650 μm. It may suggest that there is a need for a reclassification of large FTMH, and new surgical techniques such as internal limiting membrane flaps should be reserved for macular holes larger than 650 μm.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app