Exosomal miR-95-5p regulates chondrogenesis and cartilage degradation via histone deacetylase 2/8

Guping Mao, Shu Hu, Ziji Zhang, Peihui Wu, Xiaoyi Zhao, Ruifu Lin, Weiming Liao, Yan Kang
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 2018, 22 (11): 5354-5366
MicroRNAs play critical roles in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis, the most common chronic degenerative joint disease. Exosomes derived from miR-95-5p-overexpressing primary chondrocytes (AC-miR-95-5p) may be effective in treating osteoarthritis. Increased expression of HDAC2/8 occurs in the tissues and chondrocyte-secreted exosomes of patients with osteoarthritis and mediates cartilage-specific gene expression in chondrocytes. We have been suggested that exosomes derived from AC-miR-95-5p (AC-miR-95-5p-Exos) would enhance chondrogenesis and prevent the development of osteoarthritis by directly targeting HDAC2/8. Our in vitro experiments showed that miR-95-5p expression was significantly lower in osteoarthritic chondrocyte-secreted exosomes than in normal cartilage. Treatment with AC-miR-95-5p-Exos promoted cartilage development and cartilage matrix expression in mesenchymal stem cells induced to undergo chondrogenesis and chondrocytes, respectively. In contrast, co-culture with exosomes derived from chondrocytes transfected with an antisense inhibitor of miR-95-5p (AC-anti-miR-95-5p-Exos) prevented chondrogenic differentiation and reduced cartilage matrix synthesis by enhancing the expression of HDAC2/8. MiR-95-5p suppressed the activity of reporter constructs containing the 3'-untranslated region of HDAC2/8, inhibited HDAC2/8 expression and promoted cartilage matrix expression. Our results suggest that AC-miR-95-5p-Exos regulate cartilage development and homoeostasis by directly targeting HDAC2/8. Thus, AC-miR-95-5p-Exos may act as an HDAC2/8 inhibitor and exhibit potential as a disease-modifying osteoarthritis drug.

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