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[Operative strategy and short-term efficacy of recurrent groin hernia]

Xitao Wang, Gengwen Huang, Dingcheng Shen, Jiayan Lin, Caihong Ning, Xintong Cao, Liandong Ji, Yebin Lu, Wei Wei
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 2018 July 25, 21 (7): 761-765
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OBJECTIVE: To explore the appropriate operative strategy in recurrent groin hernia repair.

METHODS: Clinical and follow-up data of 82 patients with recurrent groin hernia undergoing operation at Department of Pancreatobiliary Surgery, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from April 2010 to April 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The operative approaches included laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) hernia repair, Lichtenstein repair and hybrid repair. Surgical method selection was based on the basis of European Hernia Society guidelines, combined with hernia histories, preoperative examination results and intra-operative results: (1) When an anterior approach (Lichtenstein, Bassini or Shouldice surgery) was adopted in the previous operation, TAPP was preferred for the recurrent groin hernia. (2) When the previous operation was an posterior approach [TAPP or total extraperitoneal hernioplasty (TEP)], Lichtenstein method was preferred. Moreover, Lichtenstein surgery with local anesthesia or nerve block was also selected when the patient could not tolerate general anesthesia. (3) When extensive preperitoneal adhesions were found in patients with previous anterior approach repair during laparoscopic exploration, especially in patients who had relapsed after multiple operations or had previous biochemical glues injection, hybrid surgery was preferred.

RESULTS: All 82 patients completed operations smoothly. TAPP, Lichtenstein and hybrid operation were applied in 74, 4 and 4 patients, respectively, with median operative time of 70 minutes (40-130 minutes) in TAPP, 60 minutes (40-90 minutes) in Lichtenstein and 120 minutes (70-150 minutes) in hybrid operation, respectively. The median numerical rating scales (NRS) score was 2 (0-6) on postoperative day 1. The incidences of postoperative seroma, pain and urinary retention were 4.9% (4/82), 2.4% (2/82) and 1.2% (1/82) respectively. The median postoperative hospital stay was 2 days (1-6 days). Seventy-two patients were followed-up from 11 to 87 months. The median follow-up period was 27 months. The median inguinal pain questionnaire (IPQ) score was 2 (0-8) month after operation. One recurrent case was reported 1 year after operation. No incision or mesh infection and long-term inguinal chronic pain were observed.

CONCLUSIONS: For recurrent patients with previous open anterior approach, TEP and TAPP repair are equivalent surgical techniques, and the choice should be tailored to the surgeon's expertise. For those with previous TAPP or TEP repair, Lichtenstein technique is recommended. For those with adhesions both in anterior transverse fascia and pre-peritoneum, hybrid operation may be the preferable choice according to adhesion conditions.

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