The peripheral blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is a prognostic predictor for survival of EGFR-mutant nonsmall cell lung cancer patients treated with EGFR-TKIs

Yuan Zhang, Yang-Chun Feng, Hong-Ge Zhu, Ting-Chuan Xiong, Yan-Shen Hou, Jia Song, Wei Jiang, Chang-Jun Zhu
Medicine (Baltimore) 2018, 97 (30): e11648
Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) are the standard first-line treatment for EGFR-mutant nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, studies have reported that not all NSCLC patients harboring kinase domain mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) show significant clinical benefits from EGFR-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Therefore, it is necessary to establish feasible biomarkers to predict the prognosis of EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients treated with EGFR-TKIs. This study aimed to determine biomarkers using inflammatory parameters from complete blood counts to predict the prognosis of EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients treated with EGFR-TKIs.We retrospectively investigated 127 stage IIIB/IV NSCLC patients with activating EGFR mutations who were treated with EGFR-TKIs. We used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to determine the optimal cut-off for the inflammatory markers as prognostic factors. Additionally, univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify prognostic factors for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients treated with EGFR-TKIs.The receiver operating characteristic analysis indicated that the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) cut-off values were 3.37 and 2.90, respectively. The univariate analysis showed that a high LMR (>3.37) and low NLR (≤2.90) were significantly correlated with long-term PFS and OS (LMR, P = .007; NLR, P < .001). The multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that only low NLR was an independent prognostic factor for long-term PFS and OS (PFS, HR = 0.573, 95% CI: 0.340-0.964, P = .036; OS, HR = 0.491, 95% CI: 0.262-0.920, P = .026).The data show that a low NLR was a good prognostic factor in EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients receiving EGFR-TKIs treatment. Moreover, the NLR measurement has better prognostic value than LMR.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"