Convolutional Neural Network Based Synthesized View Quality Enhancement for 3D Video Coding

Linwei Zhu, Yun Zhang, Shiqi Wang, Hui Yuan, Sam Kwong, Horace H S Ip
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society 2018 July 20
The quality of synthesized view plays an important role in the three dimensional (3D) video system. In this paper, to further improve the coding efficiency, a convolutional neural network (CNN) based synthesized view quality enhancement method for 3D High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) is proposed. Firstly, the distortion elimination in synthesized view is formulated as an image restoration task with the aim to reconstruct the latent distortion free synthesized image. Secondly, the learned CNN models are incorporated into 3D HEVC codec to improve the view synthesis performance for both view synthesis optimization (VSO) and the final synthesized view, where the geometric and compression distortions are considered according to the specific characteristics of synthesized view. Thirdly, a new Lagrange multiplier in the rate-distortion (RD) cost function is derived to adapt the CNN based VSO process to embrace a better 3D video coding performance. Extensive experimental results show that the proposed scheme can efficiently eliminate the artifacts in the synthesized image, and reduce 25.9% and 11.7% bit rate in terms of peak-signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and structural similarity (SSIM) index, which significantly outperforms the state-of-theart methods.

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