PDTC ameliorates decompression induced-lung injury caused by unsafe fast buoyancy ascent escape via inhibition of NF-κB pathway

Hai-Tao Wang, Yi-Qun Fang, Pu You, Xiao-Chen Bao, Kai-Cheng Li, Jian Yao, Ci Li, Heng-Rong Yuan
Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc 2018, 45 (3): 351-362
Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) is the critical transcriptional factor in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI). NF-κB regulates the expression changes of inflammatory factors such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin 6 (IL-6). In a previous study we showed that decompression sickness (DCS) caused by simulated unsafe fast buoyancy ascent escape (FBAE) could result in ALI, which was characterized by expression changes of inflammatory factors in rat lung tissue. The purpose of the present work was to study the roles of NF-κB and TNF-α in the process of DCS-induced rat lung injury caused by simulated unsafe FBAE. The research methods aimed to detect the rat lung tissue messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein level variations of NF-κB, inhibitory ×B (I×B), TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-13 by using pretreatment of the NF-κB inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) and TNF-α antibody (Ab). Our experimental results demonstrated that PDTC could improve the survival rate of the rats with DCS caused by unsafe FBAE more effectively than TNF-α Ab. However, the inhibition of TNF-α Ab on the nuclear translocated protein expression of NF-κB was more effective than PDTC. Both PDTC and TNF-α Ab can abrogate the increment of the rat lung tissue mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and protein levels of NF-κB, TNF-α, IL-1β effectively and increase the rat lung tissue content of I×B significantly. In conclusion, TNF-α-mediated NF-κB signaling may be one of the critical signaling pathways in the pathogenesis of DCS-induced rat lung injury caused by simulated unsafe FBAE. PDTC may ameliorate this type of injury partly through inhibiting the NF-κB pathway.

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