Evaluating the effectiveness of a culturally adapted behavioral family psycho-educational program for Egyptian patients with schizophrenia

Hisham Rami, Hanan Hussien, Menan Rabie, Walaa Sabry, Marwa El Missiry, Reem El Ghamry
Transcultural Psychiatry 2018, 55 (5): 601-622
Although a growing body of evidence supports the effectiveness of behavioral family therapies for patients with schizophrenia, few studies have been carried out on the effectiveness of such programs for Egyptian patients. The current study translated and culturally adapted the Behavioral Family Psycho-Education Program (BFPEP) and conducted a preliminary efficacy evaluation for outpatients suffering from schizophrenia. Thirty patients received 14 sessions of culturally adapted Program (CA-BFPEP) and 30 received treatment as usual; all were followed up for 6 months. Pre- and post-intervention assessment included primary outcome measures that assessed the clinical, social, quality of life and attitude towards medications. The CA-BFPEP group demonstrated significant treatment effects as they had greater reductions in psychotic symptoms (PANSS), improvement of social function (SFQ), quality of life (QoL), and attitude towards medications (DAI), compared to patients in the control group. These results demonstrate the feasibility of implementing family therapy interventions in different cultural settings with relatively minor modifications. These promising findings invite further efforts to maximize the benefits of family therapy interventions internationally and to encourage mental health policy makers to integrate this mode of therapy in routine care management plans for patients with schizophrenia.

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