Ventilation Parameters under Adaptive Servo Ventilation: A Comparison on Behalf of CSA-Pattern, BNP/NT-pro-BNP, and Ejection Fraction

Michael Westhoff, Patric Litterst
Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases 2018, 96 (3): 240-248

BACKGROUND: The SERVE-HF study has raised questions concerning the higher mortality under adaptive servoventilation. The ventilatory mode was discussed as a possible aggravating factor.

OBJECTIVES: We wondered if the data recorded by the adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV)-devices in heart failure patients with CSA-CSR ± OSA are different in terms of respiratory parameters and therapeutic pressures compared to patients with CPAP-resistant/emergent-CSA with normal BNP/NT-pro-BNP.

METHODS: Patients were included, if ASV had normalized respiratory disturbance index in the first night of application and after at least 6 weeks. ASV-device data were analyzed in terms of respiratory rate (RR), min ventilation (MV), endexpiratory (EEP), peak inspiratory pressure (Ppeak) and median pressure.

RESULTS: Compared to CPAP-resistant/emergent-CSA with normal BNP/NT-pro-BNP (n = 25), CSA-CSR- (n = 13) CSA-CSR+OSA-patients (n = 32) with elevated BNP/NT-pro-BNP had higher RR (p < 0.01) in the first night of ASV therapy and during follow-up (15.3 ± 1.3 vs. 17.3 ± 2.4/min) with similar MV (6.5 ± 1.3 vs. 6.6 ± 1.3 L), resulting in significantly lower tidal volumes. EEP (5.6 ± 1.1 vs. 5.5 ± 1.1 hPa), Pmedian and Ppeak (9.8 ± 1.5 vs. 9.7 ± 1.2 hPa) were comparable. Ventilatory parameters were not different between LVEF < 40, 40-49, and ≥50%, neither within the whole group nor the group of CSA-CSR ± OSA and heart failure.

CONCLUSION: Patients with heart failure and CSA-CSR ± OSA have higher RRs but similar MV under ASV-therapy than patients with CSA and normal BNP. This indicates higher dead space ventilation. EF was not found to have an influence on the ventilatory parameters.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"