The Role of Proton Pump Inhibitors in the Management of Upper Gastrointestinal Disorders.
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been in use since the early 1990s and play a crucial role in the management of a number of conditions affecting the upper gastrointestinal tract, including gastroesophageal reflux disease, Barrett esophagus, eosinophilic esophagitis, and dyspepsia. PPIs also play an important role in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection and in the prevention of upper gastrointestinal tract ulcers and bleeding among patients taking antiplatelet therapy and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Despite recent concerns regarding the long-term safety of PPIs, their risk-benefit profiles strongly favor their appropriate use in patients who have genuine indications for them. As with all drugs, PPIs should be administered in the lowest effective dose and only for as long as clinically indicated. However, for at least some of their approved indications, PPIs are likely to be required indefinitely. This article outlines the current indications for PPIs for the management of upper gastrointestinal disorders and reviews safety concerns.
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