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Conservative management of acute calculous cholecystitis complicated by pancreatitis in an elderly woman: A case report.

RATIONALE: Acute calculous cholecystitis is a prevalent disease whose diagnosis and management still face significant debate. Although the overall incidence of gallstone disease is 18.8% in European women aged 30 to 69 years, there is little data and experience in managing acute calculous cholecystitis in populations over 80 years old. The incidence of acute cholecystitis among the elderly is probably increasing. For the reason, we here highlight the advantages and disadvantage of various treatment and management opens based on a 96-year-old patient.

PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a rare case in which a 96-year-old woman suffered from abdominal pain, nausea, and lack of appetite for over a month.

DIAGNOSES: She was diagnosed with acute calculous cholecystitis and pancreatitis.

INTERVENTIONS: She was successfully treated without surgery, regaining her physical health after 5 months.

OUTCOMES: The question of how to manage acute calculous cholecystitis is extremely difficult in many aspects. The patient of very advanced age presented in this paper, not very well diagnosed and with a life-threating condition, survived because of careful treatment and reasonable decision-making.

LESSONS: The take-away from this case is that, in a high-risk senile patient, strict conservative therapy of cholecystitis may be successful, as it can avoid the complications of surgery and leave the patient with a good quality of life.

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