JOURNAL ARTICLE

Topical application of anthranilate derivatives ameliorates psoriatic inflammation in a mouse model by inhibiting keratinocyte-derived chemokine expression and neutrophil infiltration

Zih-Chan Lin, Pei-Wen Hsieh, Tsong-Long Hwang, Chi-Yuan Chen, Calvin T Sung, Jia-You Fang
FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 2018 June 19, : fj201800354
29920221
Psoriasis is an inflammatory autoimmune skin disorder possessing a complex etiology related to genetic and environmental triggers. Keratinocytes show a potential role for the origin of psoriasis. In this study, we estimated the efficiency of 2 anthranilate derivatives-(E)-4-( N-{2-[1-(hydroxyimino)ethyl]phenyl}sulfamoyl)phenyl pivalate (HFP031) and butyl 2-[2-(2-fluorophenyl)acetamido]benzoate (HFP034)-on psoriasis amelioration in a mouse model. The results showed that topical treatment with both compounds could attenuate epidermal thickness and scaling in an imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis mouse model via decreased expression of cytokines and chemokines [C-X-C chemokine ligand (CXCL)1 and CXCL2], leading to the reduction of neutrophilic abscess in the skin. The in vivo cutaneous absorption of HFP034 was 7.6-fold greater than that of HFP031. Both compounds caused negligible irritation on healthy mouse skin. In addition, we examined the effect of the anthranilate derivatives on chemokine expression in IMQ-treated HaCaT keratinocytes. Our results elucidated a mechanism for anti-inflammatory activity of HFP034 that involved the elevation of intracellular cAMP concentration, suppression of NF-κB activity, and attenuation of neutrophil chemoattractant expression. These results suggest that HFP034 could increase the cutaneous concentration of cAMP to suppress neutrophil infiltration into the skin. Topically applied HFP034 may demonstrate a potential for future clinical application as a novel therapy for psoriasis treatment.-Lin, Z.-C., Hsieh, P.-W., Hwang, T.-L., Chen, C.-Y., Sung, C. T., Fang, J.-Y. Topical application of anthranilate derivatives ameliorates psoriatic inflammation in a mouse model by inhibiting keratinocyte-derived chemokine expression and neutrophil infiltration.

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