Immunogenicity and safety of a second dose of a measles-mumps-rubella vaccine administered to healthy participants 7 years of age or older: A phase III, randomized study

Remon Abu-Elyazeed, William Jennings, Randall Severance, Michael Noss, Adrian Caplanusi, Michael Povey, Ouzama Henry
Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics 2018, 14 (11): 2624-2631
The introduction of vaccination programs against measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) led to significant global reduction in morbidity and mortality from these diseases. The currently recommended MMR vaccination schedule in the United States of America comprises 2 vaccine doses typically administered at 12-15 months and 4-6 years, respectively. Considering recent outbreaks in the USA, catch-up vaccination with an additional dose of MMR vaccine could contribute to outbreak control and community protection. This phase III, observer-blind, randomized controlled trial (NCT02058563) assessed the immunogenicity and safety of a dose of the MMR-RIT vaccine (Priorix, GSK) compared to MMR II vaccine (control; M-M-R II, Merck&Co Inc.) in ≥7-year-olds who had received ≥1 previous dose of MMR vaccine. We assessed anti-measles, anti-mumps, and anti-rubella antibody geometric mean concentrations (GMCs; primary endpoint) and seroresponse rates (SRRs) at day 42 post-vaccination. Solicited, unsolicited, and serious adverse events (AEs) were recorded. The according-to-protocol cohort for immunogenicity included 869 participants (MMR-RIT: N = 433; MMR II: N = 436). We observed anti-measles, anti-mumps, and anti-rubella antibody GMCs of 1790.2 mIU/mL, 113.5 EU/mL, and 76.1 IU/mL, respectively, and SRRs of 98.8%, 98.4%, and 99.5%, respectively, after a dose of MMR-RIT; non-inferiority compared to MMR II was demonstrated. Both vaccines showed comparable reactogenicity profiles; the most common solicited AEs were injection site redness and pain, and fever (MMR-RIT: 12.2%, 11.8%, and 3.0%; MMR II: 11.7%, 11.5%, and 5.2%, respectively). The dose of MMR-RIT induced robust immune responses that were not inferior to those of MMR II, and was well tolerated.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"