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Effects of phased education on attitudes toward organ donation and willingness to donate after brain death in an Asian country

Ui Jun Park, Sang Youb Han, Kum Hyun Han, Se Won Oh, Hye-Yeon Jang, Hyoung Tae Kim, Young-Nam Roh
Asian Journal of Surgery 2018 May 23
29803596

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effects of phased education on attitudes toward organ donation and willingness to donate after brain death.

METHODS: A survey was conducted using a questionnaire to examine attitudes toward organ donation of the families of patients admitted to a surgical intensive care unit (SICU) between March 1, 2014 and September 30, 2016.

RESULTS: Ninety-two people voluntarily participated in this survey. Before reviewing the educational material, 75.0% had a positive attitude toward organ donation, 60.9% were willing to donate their own organs, and 38.0% were willing to donate a family member's organs. After reviewing the educational material, these figures increased to 92.4%, 80.4%, and 56.5%, respectively. Before receiving an education, there was a significant difference in consistency between people's attitudes and willingness to donate their own organs, versus donating a family member's organs (79.3% vs 54.3%, p < 0.001). With phased education, these percentages increased from 79.3% to 85.9% with regard to donating one's own organs, and from 54.3% to 64.1% with regard to donating a family member's organs.

CONCLUSION: Phased education was effective overall, but it had a limited effect on changing the willingness to donate a family member's organs. It increased the consistency between people's attitudes toward organ donation and willingness to donate their own, or a family member's organs.

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