JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Brachytherapy in the adjuvant management of keloid scars: literature review

Ioannis Goutos, Rei Ogawa
Scars, Burns & Healing 2017, 3: 2059513117735483
29799578

<AbstractText Label="Introduction" NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Radiation therapy is a well-recognised modality for the adjuvant treatment of keloid scars. It can be conventionally delivered as external beam using a large apparatus at a distance from the lesion or as brachytherapy with specialised equipment to enable the delivery of treatment in the immediate vicinity of the keloidal tissue.

Methods: An English literature review was performed with keywords 'brachytherapy' and 'keloid' using the databases PubMed, Embase and Web of Science from their individual dates of inception until June 2017. Studies pertinent to the field are presented in a chronological manner to depict the evolution of different brachytherapy strategies over the last decades. We also discuss considerations relating to the risk of secondary carcinogenesis, which are relevant to shared decision-making in the clinical setting.

Discussion: Low dose rate interstitial brachytherapy was first introduced in the English literature in 1976 and currently appears to have been superseded by more modern approaches, including high dose rate interstitial brachytherapy. This modality compares favourably to more traditional modes of radiotherapy in terms of recurrence as well as rates of symptomatic relief from keloidal symptoms. Superficial brachytherapy was introduced more recently in the relevant literature and appears to be associated with favourable therapeutic outcomes compared to external beam radiation therapy.

Conclusion: Brachytherapy is a valid modality of radiotherapy for the adjuvant treatment of keloid scars, with high dose rate interstitial and surface regimens gaining in popularity over recent years. Further research needs to focus on randomised controlled trials to further establish the role of different radiotherapy modalities in keloid scar management.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
29799578
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.