JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Digoxin Use in Infants with Single Ventricle Physiology: Secondary Analysis of the Pediatric Heart Network Infant Single Ventricle Trial Public Use Dataset

Dongngan T Truong, Shaji C Menon, Linda M Lambert, Phillip T Burch, Xiaoming Sheng, L LuAnn Minich, Richard V Williams
Pediatric Cardiology 2018, 39 (6): 1200-1209
29799077
Digoxin has been associated with reduced interstage mortality after Norwood procedure. We sought to determine its association with survival and change in weight-for-age Z-score (WAZ) before the superior cavopulmonary connection (SCPC) surgery and at 14 months in a heterogeneous group of single ventricle infants. We performed a post-hoc analysis of the Pediatric Heart Network Infant Single Ventricle public use dataset to determine associations between digoxin and survival, transplant-free survival, and change in WAZ pre-SCPC and at 14 months. Sub-analyses of survival and transplant-free survival were performed for subjects who underwent Damus-Kaye-Stansel (DKS)/Norwood. Propensity score weighting was used in Cox hazard-proportion models. Of 229 subjects, 82 (36%) received digoxin and 147 (64%) received no digoxin. Pre-SCPC and 14-month survival and transplant-free survival were not significantly different between the digoxin and no digoxin groups for the main cohort and DKS/Norwood sub-group. However, in DKS/Norwood subjects there was a trend towards improved interstage transplant-free survival in the digoxin group (95.7 vs. 89.6%, p = 0.08). Digoxin was associated with a greater decrease in WAZ from birth to pre-SCPC (- 1.96 ± 0.19 vs. - 1.31 ± 0.18, p < 0.001) and birth to 14 months (- 0.64 ± 0.15 vs. - 0.19 ± 0.15, p = 0.03). Digoxin was not associated with improved survival during the interstage or at 14 months in a mixed single ventricle cohort, but there was a trend towards improved interstage transplant-free survival in post-Norwood infants. As digoxin was associated with poorer weight gain, further research is needed to identify the risks/benefits for anatomic subtypes of infants with single ventricles.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
29799077
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"