JOURNAL ARTICLE

Selective Removal of B800 Bacteriochlorophyll a from Light-Harvesting Complex 2 of the Purple Photosynthetic Bacterium Phaeospirillum molischianum

Yoshitaka Saga, Keiya Hirota, Sayaka Matsui, Hitoshi Asakawa, Hiroshi Ishikita, Keisuke Saito
Biochemistry 2018 May 29, 57 (21): 3075-3083
29771536
The selective removal of B800 bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) a from light-harvesting complex 2 (LH2) in purple photosynthetic bacteria is a clue about elucidation of the mechanism for the transfer of energy from these pigments to B850 BChl a and their roles in the LH2 protein structure. We demonstrated that the kinetics of the removal of B800 BChl a from two representative LH2 proteins derived from Phaeospirillum molischianum and Rhodoblastus acidophilus differed significantly, in contrast to the calculated binding enthalpy. These results may be interpreted as changes in the local structure near B800 BChl a with respect to the geometries of the original crystal structures upon removal of B800 BChl a. Despite the difficulty of removing B800 BChl a from molischianum-LH2, we prepared the molischianum-LH2 protein lacking B800 BChl a by combination of two detergents, n-dodecyl β-d-maltoside and n-octyl β-d-glucoside, under acidic conditions. Spectral and atomic force microscopy analyses indicated that the absence of B800 BChl a had little effect on the local structure in the vicinity of B850 BChl a and the circular arrangement in this protein. These results suggest that the hydrophobic domain near B850 BChl a is rigid and plays a major role in the structural formation of molischianum-LH2.

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