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The Comparing Options for Management: PAtient-centered REsults for Uterine Fibroids (COMPARE-UF) registry: rationale and design

Elizabeth A Stewart, Barbara L Lytle, Laine Thomas, Ganesa R Wegienka, Vanessa Jacoby, Michael P Diamond, Wanda K Nicholson, Raymond M Anchan, Sateria Venable, Kedra Wallace, Erica E Marsh, George L Maxwell, Bijan J Borah, William H Catherino, Evan R Myers
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2018, 219 (1): 95.e1-95.e10

BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids are common in premenopausal women, yet comparative effectiveness research on uterine fibroid treatments is rare.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to design and establish a uterine fibroid registry based in the United States to provide comparative effectiveness data regarding uterine fibroid treatment.

STUDY DESIGN: We report here the design and initial recruitment for the Comparing Options for Management: Patient-centered REsults for Uterine Fibroids (COMPARE-UF) registry (, NCT02260752), funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality in collaboration with the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. COMPARE-UF was designed to help answer critical questions about treatment options for women with symptomatic uterine fibroids. Women who undergo a procedure for uterine fibroids (hysterectomy, myomectomy [abdominal, hysteroscopic, vaginal, and laparoscopic/robotic], endometrial ablation, radiofrequency fibroid ablation, uterine artery embolization, magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound, or progestin-releasing intrauterine device insertion) at 1 of the COMPARE-UF sites are invited to participate in a prospective registry with 3 years follow up for postprocedural outcomes. Enrolled participants provide annual follow-up evaluation through an online portal or through traditional phone contact. A central data abstraction center provides information obtained from imaging, operative or procedural notes, and pathology reports. Women with uterine fibroids and other stakeholders are a key part of the COMPARE-UF registry and participate at all points from study design to dissemination of results.

RESULTS: We built a network of 9 clinical sites across the United States with expertise in the care of women with uterine fibroids to capture geographic, racial, ethnic, and procedural diversity. Of the initial 2031 women who were enrolled in COMPARE-UF, 42% are self-identified as black or African American, and 40% are ≤40 years old, with 16% of participants <35 years old. Women who undergo myomectomy comprise the largest treatment group at 46% of all procedures, with laparoscopic or robotic myomectomy comprising the largest subset of myomectomies at 19% of all procedures. Hysterectomy is the second most common treatment within the registry at 38%.

CONCLUSION: In response to priorities that were identified by our patient stakeholders, the initial aims within COMPARE-UF will address how different procedures that are used to treat uterine fibroids compare in terms of long-lasting symptom relief, potential for recurrence, medical complications, improvement in quality of life and sexual function, age at menopause, and fertility and pregnancy outcomes. COMPARE-UF will generate evidence on the comparative effectiveness of different procedural options for uterine fibroids and help patients and their caregivers make informed decisions that best meet an individual patient's short- and long-term preferences. Building on this infrastructure, the COMPARE-UF team of investigators and stakeholders, including patients, collaborate to identify future priorities for expanding the registry, such as assessing the efficacy of medical therapies for uterine fibroids. COMPARE-UF results will be disseminated directly to patients, providers, and other stakeholders by traditional academic pathways and by innovative methods that include a variety of social media platforms. Given demographic differences among women who undergo different uterine fibroid treatments, the assessment of comparative effectiveness for this disease through clinical trials will remain difficult. Therefore, this registry provides optimized evidence to help patients and their providers better understand the pros and cons of different treatment options so that they can make more informed decisions.


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