JOURNAL ARTICLE

Hydroxytyrosol ameliorates insulin resistance by modulating endoplasmic reticulum stress and prevents hepatic steatosis in diet-induced obesity mice

Ningning Wang, Yang Liu, Yanan Ma, Deliang Wen
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 2018, 57: 180-188
29747118
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a principal organelle responsible for energy and nutrient management. Its dysfunction has been viewed in the context of obesity and related glucolipid metabolic disorders. However, therapeutic approaches to improve ER adaptation and systemic energy balance in obesity are limited. Thus, we examined whether hydroxytyrosol (HT), an important polyphenolic compound found in virgin olive oil, could correct the metabolic impairments in diet-induced obesity (DIO) mice. Here, we found that HT gavage for 10 weeks significantly ameliorated glucose homeostasis and chronic inflammation and decreased hepatic steatosis in DIO mice. At the molecular level, ER stress indicators, inflammatory and insulin signaling markers demonstrated that high-fat diet (HFD)-induced ER stress and insulin resistance (IR) in insulin sensitive tissue were corrected by HT. In vitro studies confirmed that HT supplementation (100 μM) attenuated palmitate-evoked ER stress, thus rescuing the downstream JNK/IRS pathway. As a result from suppression of ER stress in the liver, HT further decreased hepatic sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 expression (SREBP1). Additionally, aberrant expression of genes involved in hepatic lipogenesis (SREBP1, ACC, FAS, SCD1) caused by HFD was restored by HT. These findings suggested that HT ameliorated chronic inflammation and IR and decreased hepatic steatosis in obesity by beneficial modulation of ER stress.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
29747118
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"