18 F-F13640 preclinical evaluation in rodent, cat and primate as a 5-HT 1A receptor agonist for PET neuroimaging

Benjamin Vidal, Sylvain Fieux, Matthieu Colom, Thierry Billard, Caroline Bouillot, Olivier Barret, Cristian Constantinescu, Gilles Tamagnan, Adrian Newman-Tancredi, Luc Zimmer
Brain Structure & Function 2018, 223 (6): 2973-2988
Serotonin 1A receptors are known to play an important role in many psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. Currently, all available 5-HT1A receptor PET radiopharmaceuticals that are radiolabeled with fluorine-18 are antagonists. As agonists bind preferentially to the high-affinity state of receptors, it would be of great interest to develop agonist radioligands which could provide a measure of the functional 5-HT1A receptors in pathophysiological processes. The 5-HT1A receptor agonist candidates we recently proposed had promising in vitro properties but were not optimal in terms of PET imaging. F13640, a.k.a befiradol or NLX-112, is a 5-HT1A receptor agonist with a high affinity (Ki = 1 nM) and a high selectivity that would be suitable for a potential PET radiopharmaceutical. With propose here the first preclinical evaluation of 18 F-F13640. 18 F-F13640's nitro-precursor was synthesized and radiolabeled via a fluoro-nucleophilic substitution. Its radiopharmacological characterization included autoradiographic studies, metabolic studies, and in vivo PET scans in rat, cat and non-human primate. Some of the results were compared with the radiotracer 18 F-MPPF, a 5-HT1A receptor antagonist. The radiochemical purity of 18 F-F13640 was > 98%. In vitro binding pattern was consistent with the 5-HT1A receptor distribution. Metabolic studies revealed that the radiotracer rapidly entered the brain and led to few brain radiometabolites. Although 18 F-F13640 in vivo binding was blocked by the 5-HT1A antagonist WAY-100635 and the 5-HT1A agonist 8-OH-DPAT, the distribution pattern was markedly different from antagonist radiotracers in the three species, suggesting it provides novel information on 5-HT1A receptors. Preliminary studies also suggest a high sensitivity of 18 F-F13640 to endogenous serotonin release. 18 F-F13640 has suitable characteristics for probing in vitro and in vivo the 5-HT1A receptors in high-affinity state. Quantification analyses with kinetic modeling are in progress to prepare the first-in-man study of 18 F-F13640.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"