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Hyphenated 3D-QSAR statistical model-drug repurposing analysis for the identification of potent neuraminidase inhibitor

K Rohini, V Shanthi
Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics 2018, 76 (3): 357-376
The Influenza A virus is one of the principle causes of respiratory illness in human. The surface glycoprotein of the influenza virus, neuraminidase (NA), has a vital role in the release of new viral particle and spreads infection in the respiratory tract. It has been long recognized as a valid drug target for influenza A virus infection. Oseltamivir is used as a standard drug of choice for the treatment of influenza. However, the emergence of mutants with novel mutations has increased the resistance to potent NA inhibitor. In the present investigation, we have employed computer-assisted combinatorial techniques in the screening of 8621 molecules from Drug Bank to find potent NA inhibitors. A three-dimensional pharmacophore model was generated from the previously reported 28 carbocylic influenza NA inhibitors along with oseltamivir using PHASE module of Schrödinger Suite. The model generated consists of one hydrogen bond acceptor (A), one hydrogen bond donors (D), one hydrophobic group (H), and one positively charged group (P), ADHP. The hypothesis was further validated for its integrity and significance using enrichment analysis. Subsequently, an atom-based 3D-QSAR model was built using the common pharmacophore hypothesis (CPH). The developed 3D-QSAR model was found to be statistically significant with R2 value of 0.9866 and Q2 value of 0.7629. Further screening was accomplished using three-stage docking process using the Glide algorithm. The resultant lead molecules were examined for its drug-like properties using the Qikprop algorithm. Finally, the calculated pIC50 values of the lead compounds were validated by the AutoQSAR algorithm. Overall, the results from our analysis highlights that lisinopril (DB00722) is predicted to bind better with NA than currently approved drug. In addition, it has the best match in binding geometry conformations with the existing NA inhibitor. Note that the antiviral activity of lisinopril is reported in the literature. However, our paper is the first report on lisinopril activity against influenza A virus infection. These results are envisioned to help design the novel NA inhibitors with an increased antiviral efficacy.


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