OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Echocardiography in the Evaluation of Chest Pain in the Emergency Department

Mustafa Z Mahmoud
Polish Journal of Radiology 2017, 82: 798-805
29657647

Background: A challenge for clinicians in emergency departments (EDs) is rapid identification of those patients with chest pain who require admission and urgent management and those with low clinical risk who can be discharged safely from the ED. This study was designed with an aim to evaluate the ability of two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE) to determine causes of acute chest pain in patients presenting to the ED in order to decide whether hospital admission and further investigations were needed.

Material/Methods: A total of 250 consecutive patients admitted with chest pain, were enrolled in this prospective study. Patients were divided into three groups: high risk, moderate risk, and low risk of cardiac events, according to cardiovascular risk factors. 2D-TTE was obtained using the HI vision Avius ultrasound unit (Hitachi). Statistical analysis was performed with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), version 20.

Results: Ischemic and/or non-ischemic heart diseases (IHD and/or NIHD) were detected in 147 (86.5%), 13 (7.6%), and 10 (5.9%) patients with high, moderate, and low risk, respectively. 2D-TTE was characterized by sensitivity of 85.86%, specificity of 100%, and positive predictive value (PPV) of 100% for detecting causes of chest pain.

Conclusions: 2D-TTE increased specificity and sensitivity of detecting causes of chest pain, when compared to patient history, clinical findings, and electrocardiography (ECG). 2D-TTE can be used to help determine the need for hospital admission, to confirm or exclude diagnosis, and guide urgent therapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
29657647
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"