Fecal microbial dysbiosis in Chinese patients with inflammatory bowel disease

Hai-Qin Ma, Ting-Ting Yu, Xiao-Jing Zhao, Yi Zhang, Hong-Jie Zhang
World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG 2018 April 7, 24 (13): 1464-1477

AIM: To analyze the alterations of fecal microbiota in Chinese patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

METHODS: Fecal samples from 15 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) (11 active CD, 4 inactive CD), 14 patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC) and 13 healthy individuals were collected and subjected to 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) gene sequencing. The V4 hypervariable regions of 16S rDNA gene were amplified from all samples and sequenced by the Illumina MiSeq platform. Quality control and operational taxonomic units classification of reads were calculated with QIIME software. Alpha diversity and beta diversity were displayed with R software.

RESULTS: Community richness (chao) and microbial structure in both CD and UC were significantly different from those in normal controls. At the phyla level, analysis of the microbial compositions revealed a significantly greater abundance of Proteobacteria in IBD as compared to that in controls. At the genera level, 8 genera in CD and 23 genera in UC (in particular, the Escherichia genus) showed significantly greater abundance as compared to that in normal controls. The relative abundance of Bacteroidetes in the active CD group was markedly lower than that in the inactive CD group. The abundance of Proteobacteria in patients with active CD was nominally higher than that in patients with inactive CD; however, the difference was not statistically significant after correction. Furthermore, the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes showed a negative correlation with the CD activity index scores.

CONCLUSION: Our study profiles specific characteristics and microbial dysbiosis in the gut of Chinese patients with IBD. Bacteroidetes may have a negative impact on inflammatory development.

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