Elevated MIC Values of Imidazole Drugs against Aspergillus fumigatus Isolates with TR 34 /L98H/S297T/F495I Mutation

Yong Chen, Zongwei Li, Xuelin Han, Shuguang Tian, Jingya Zhao, Fangyan Chen, Xueting Su, Jingjun Zhao, Ziying Zou, Yanwen Gong, Fen Qu, Guangbin Qiu, Siyao Wang, Xiaodong Jia, Zhongyi Lu, Mandong Hu, Liuyu Huang, Paul E Verweij, Li Han
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 2018, 62 (5)
The use of azole fungicides in agriculture is believed to be one of the main reasons for the emergence of azole resistance in Aspergillus fumigatus Though widely used in agriculture, imidazole fungicides have not been linked to resistance in A. fumigatus This study showed that elevated MIC values of imidazole drugs were observed against A. fumigatus isolates with TR34 /L98H/S297T/F495I mutation, but not among isolates with TR34 /L98H mutation. Short-tandem-repeat (STR) typing analysis of 580 A. fumigatus isolates from 20 countries suggested that the majority of TR34 /L98H/S297T/F495I strains from China were genetically different from the predominant major clade comprising most of the azole-resistant strains and the strains with the same mutation from the Netherlands and Denmark. Alignments of sterol 14α-demethylase sequences suggested that F495I in A. fumigatus was orthologous to F506I in Penicillium digitatum and F489L in Pyrenophora teres , which have been reported to be associated with imidazole resistance. In vitro antifungal susceptibility testing of different recombinants with cyp51A mutations further confirmed the association of the F495I mutation with imidazole resistance. In conclusion, this study suggested that environmental use of imidazole fungicides might confer selection pressure for the emergence of azole resistance in A. fumigatus .

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