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Characteristics of Female Genital Restoration Surgery for Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Using a Large-scale Administrative Database

Joshua D Roth, Jessica T Casey, Benjamin M Whittam, William E Bennett, Konrad M Szymanski, Mark P Cain, Richard C Rink
Urology 2018, 115: 162-167

OBJECTIVE: To analyze nationwide information on the timing of surgical procedures, cost of surgery, hospital length of stay following surgery, and surgical complications of female genital restoration surgery (FGRS) in females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Pediatric Health Information System database to identify patients with CAH who underwent their initial FGRS in 2004-2014. These patients were identified by an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) diagnosis code for adrenogenital disorders (255.2) in addition to a vaginal ICD-9 procedure code (70.x, excluding vaginoscopy only) or perineal ICD-9 procedure code (71.x), which includes clitoral operations (71.4).

RESULTS: A total of 544 (11.8%) females underwent FGRS between 2004 and 2014. Median age at initial surgery was 9.9 months (interquartile range 6.8-19.1 months). Ninety-two percent underwent a vaginal procedure, 48% underwent a clitoral procedure, and 85% underwent a perineal procedure (non-clitoral). The mean length of stay was 2.5 days (standard deviation 2.5 days). The mean cost of care was $12,258 (median $9,558). Thirty-day readmission rate was 13.8%. Two percent underwent reoperation before discharge, and 1 (0.2%) was readmitted for a reoperation within 30 days. Four percent had a perioperative surgical complication.

CONCLUSION: Overall, 12% of girls with CAH underwent FGRS at one of a national collaborative of freestanding children's hospitals. The majority underwent a vaginoplasty as a part of their initial FGRS for CAH. Clitoroplasty was performed on less than half the patients. Overall, FGRS for CAH is performed at a median age of 10 months and has low 30-day complication and immediate reoperation rates.

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