JOURNAL ARTICLE

Systemic inflammatory markers have independent prognostic value in patients with metastatic testicular germ cell tumours undergoing first-line chemotherapy

Christian Daniel Fankhauser, Sophia Sander, Lisa Roth, Oliver Gross, Daniel Eberli, Tullio Sulser, Burkhardt Seifert, Joerg Beyer, Thomas Hermanns
British Journal of Cancer 2018 March 20, 118 (6): 825-830
29485982

BACKGROUND: The prognostic utility of systemic inflammatory markers has so far not been investigated in patients with metastatic testicular germ cell tumours (GCTs).

METHODS: International Germ Cell Cancer Cooperative Group (IGCCCG) risk groups and blood-based systemic inflammatory markers (haemoglobin, leukocytes, platelets (P), neutrophils (N), lymphocytes (L), C-reactive protein (CRP) and albumin) of 146 patients undergoing first-line chemotherapy for GCT were retrieved. In addition, N to L ratio (NLR), P to L ratio and the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII=N × P/L) were calculated. The prognostic ability of these markers for overall survival (OS) were assessed using regression analyses and Kaplan-Meier curves with log-rank tests.

RESULTS: In univariate Cox regression, low haemoglobin and albumin as well as high leukocytes, N, NLR, SII and CRP were associated with a shorter OS. In multivariable Cox regression analyses, high leukocyte (hazard ratio (HR) 1.274 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.057-1.535); P=0.011) and N count (1.470 (1.092-1.980); P=0.011), higher NLR (84.5 (2.2-3193.4); P=0.017) and SII (12.15 (1.17-126.26); P=0.037) remained independent prognostic predictors for OS besides the IGCCCG risk groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Systemic inflammatory markers might have prognostic utility for patients with metastatic GCT. The planned IGCCCG update could be an opportunity to test these markers in a larger data set.

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