Synergistic potentiation of 5-hydroxytryptamine secretion by platelet agonists and phorbol myristate acetate despite inhibition of agonist-induced arachidonate/thromboxane and beta-thromboglobulin release and Ca2+ mobilization by phorbol myristate acetate

S Krishnamurthi, S Joseph, V V Kakkar
Biochemical Journal 1986 August 15, 238 (1): 193-9
Previous studies have demonstrated an inhibition of agonist-induced inositol phospholipid breakdown and intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) mobilization by phorbol esters in platelets. In this study, we have examined the effect of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on agonist-induced granule secretion and correlated it with agonist-induced [Ca2+]i mobilization, arachidonate and thromboxane (Tx) release in human platelets. With increasing times of incubation with PMA (10 s-5 min), the rise in [Ca2+]i induced by thrombin and the TxA2 mimetic, U46619, was increasingly inhibited (90-100% with 5 min incubation) and, correlating with this, thrombin-induced [3H]arachidonate, TxB2 and beta-thromboglobulin (beta TG) release were also inhibited. In addition, the conversion of exogenously added arachidonate to TxB2 was inhibited (50-80%) by a 10 s-5 min pretreatment with PMA. However, secretion of 5-hydroxy[14C]tryptamine (5HT) induced by thrombin or U46619 was not inhibited by 10 s-2 min incubations with PMA and, on the contrary, with low agonist concentrations, was potentiated by PMA in the absence of a significant rise in [Ca2+]i or endogenous Tx formation, to levels significantly greater than or equal to the sum of that obtained when agonist and PMA were added separately. With longer times of incubation with PMA (5 min), these synergistic effects became less pronounced as inhibitory effects of PMA on agonist-induced [14C]5HT secretion became apparent. The results indicate that, while PMA may cause an inhibition of agonist-induced [Ca2+]i mobilization resulting in an inhibition of agonist-induced arachidonate, TxB2 and beta TG release, its effects on agonist-induced 5HT secretion may be complicated by [Ca2+]i-independent synergistic effects of agonist and PMA.

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