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JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Sex Differences in Atrial Fibrillation

Jason G Andrade, Marc W Deyell, Andrea Y K Lee, Laurent Macle
Canadian Journal of Cardiology 2018, 34 (4): 429-436
29455950
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a chronic progressive disease characterized by exacerbations and remissions. It remains the most common sustained arrhythmia seen in clinical practice, and represents a major burden to health care systems. Similar to other cardiovascular conditions, significant sex-specific differences have been observed in the epidemiology (lower rate of prevalence in women, women present at a later age), pathophysiology (sex-related differences in AF triggers and substrate), clinical presentation (women are more likely symptomatic, with relatively more severe symptoms), and natural history. Moreover, similar to other cardiovascular conditions there are substantial sex-specific differences in the management of AF, with women being significantly less likely to receive therapeutic anticoagulation, attempts at rhythm control, or undergo invasive cardiovascular procedures. The purpose of this review is to explore these sex-specific differences.

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