Hereditary Cancers in Gynecology: What Physicians Should Know About Genetic Testing, Screening, and Risk Reduction

Kari L Ring, Susan C Modesitt
Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America 2018, 45 (1): 155-173
Obstetrician gynecologists play a critical role in the identification of women who may carry a germline mutation placing them at an increased lifetime risk of gynecologic and nongynecologic cancers. Given this, all gynecologists must have a basic understanding of the most common hereditary cancer syndromes, the associated cancer risks, and possible risk-reducing interventions to play a proactive role in the care of these women. This article presents general guidelines and potential tools for identification of high-risk patients, reviews the current literature regarding genetic mutations associated with gynecologic malignancies, and proposes screening and risk-reduction options for high-risk patients.

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