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A membrane-type surfactant protein D (SP-D) suppresses macrophage-mediated cytotoxicity in swine endothelial cells

Patmika Jiaravuthisan, Akira Maeda, Chihiro Takakura, Han-Tang Wang, Rieko Sakai, Afifah Mohd Shabri, Pei-Chi Lo, Rei Matsuura, Tasuku Kodama, Hiroshi Eguchi, Hiroomi Okuyama, Shuji Miyagawa
Transplant Immunology 2018, 47: 44-48

OBJECTIVE: Surfactant protein D (SP-D), which is secreted mainly in the lung, is an oligometric C type lectin that promotes phagocytosis by binding to carbohydrates on microbial surfaces. SP-D can also bind SIRPα, leading to a decrease in cytokine production by monocytes/macrophages. In the present study, we examined the possibility that SP-D suppresses macrophage-mediated xenogeneic cytotoxicity, by creating a membrane-type SP-D.

METHODS: The cDNA for the carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) of human SP-D was switched to that of a membrane-type protein, collectin placenta 1 (CL-P1), with a Flag-tag. The cDNA of CD47 was prepared as a control. The suppressive function of the membrane-type protein of the hybrid molecule, CL-SP-D, to monocytes/macrophages was then studied and the results compared with that for CD47.

RESULTS: The expression of Flag-tagged CL-SP-D on the transfected SECs and the SIRPα on monocyte-like cells, THP-1 cells, was confirmed by FACS using anti-Flag Ab and anti-CD172a, respectively. The molecular size of the hybrid protein was next assessed by western blot. While significant cytotoxicity against SEC was induced in differentiated THP-1 cells, CL-SP-D significantly reduced THP-1-mediated cytotoxicity. In addition, phosphorylated SHP-1 was clearly detected in SEC/CL-SP-D in western blots. Moreover, IL-10 production was upregulated and IL-1β production was suppressed in the case of THP-1 and SEC/CL-SP-D, compared with naïve SEC. Next, the cytotoxicity caused by the in vitro generated macrophage was assessed under the same conditions as were used for THP-1. CL-SP-D also showed the significant down-regulation on the macrophage. In addition, changes in IL-10 production by the macrophage confirmed the results.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that the membrane-type SP-D serve as an effective therapeutic strategy for inhibiting macrophage-mediated xenograft rejection in xenotransplantation.


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