Highly Dispersed Metal Carbide on ZIF-Derived Pyridinic-N-Doped Carbon for CO 2 Enrichment and Selective Hydrogenation

Yunhua Li, Xiaohu Cai, Sijing Chen, Hua Zhang, Kevin H L Zhang, Jinqing Hong, Binghui Chen, Dong-Hau Kuo, Wenju Wang
ChemSusChem 2018 March 22, 11 (6): 1040-1047
Catalytic conversion of CO2 into chemicals is a critical issue for energy and environmental research. Among such reactions, converting CO2 into CO has been regarded as a significant foundation to generate a liquid fuels and chemicals on a large scale. In this work, zeolitic imidazolate framework-derived N-doped carbon-supported metal carbide catalysts (M/ZIF-8-C; M=Ni, Fe, Co and Cu) with highly dispersed metal carbide were prepared for selective CO2 hydrogenation. Under the same metal loadings, catalytic activity for CO2 hydrogenation to CO follows the order: Ni/ZIF-8-C≈Fe/ZIF-8-C>Co/ZIF-8-C>Cu/ZIF-8-C. These catalysts are composed of carbide or metal supported on pyridinic N sites within the N-doped carbon structure. ZIF-8-derived pyridinic nitrogen and carbide effect CO2 adsorption, whereas dispersed Ni or Fe carbide and metal species serve as an active site for CO2 hydrogenation. The supported Ni catalyst exhibits extraordinary catalytic performance, which results from high dispersion of the metal and exposure of the carbide. Based on high-sensitivity low-energy ion scattering (HS-LEIS) and line scan results, density functional theory (DFT) was used to understand reaction mechanism of selective CO2 hydrogenation over Ni/ZIF-8-C. The product CO is derived mainly from the direct cleavage of C-O bonds in CO2 * rather than decomposition of COOH*. The CO* desorption energy on Ni/ZIF-8-C is lower than that for further hydrogenation and dissociation. Comparison of Ni/ZIF-8-C with ZIF-8-C indicates that the combined effects of the highly dispersed metal or carbide and weak CO adsorption result in high CO selectivity for CO2 hydrogenation.


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