Read by QxMD icon Read

High flow nasal cannulae oxygen therapy in acute-moderate hypercapnic respiratory failure

Myoung Kyu Lee, Jaehwa Choi, Bonil Park, Bumjoon Kim, Seok Jeong Lee, Sang-Ha Kim, Suk Joong Yong, Eun Hee Choi, Won-Yeon Lee
Clinical Respiratory Journal 2018, 12 (6): 2046-2056

INTRODUCTION: Severe acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is a significant event that results in substantial mortality.

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effectiveness of the high flow nasal cannulae (HFNC) therapy in severe AECOPD with moderate hypercapnic acute respiratory failure (ARF) compared to non-invasive ventilation (NIV).

METHODS: The prospective observational trial was performed to compare the effectiveness between the HFNC and NIV in severe AECOPD with moderate hypercapnic ARF. The end point was the intubation rate and 30-day mortality.

RESULTS: Ninety-two AECOPD patients enrolled during study periods. The median age was 73 (66.5-79) years, and 57 patients (64.8%) were male. Forty-four patients were assigned to HFNC, and 44 patients were assigned to NIV. The intubation rate at day 30 was 25.0% in the HFNC group and 27.3% in the NIV group (P = .857), and the 30-day mortality was 15.9% in the HFNC group and 18.2% in the NIV group (P = .845). The pH (7.38 ± 0.59 vs 7.36 ± 0.10, P = .295), PaO2 (82.2 ± 24.9 vs 81.6 ± 21.7 mm Hg, P = .899) and PaCO2 (46.8 ± 15.2 vs 51.7 ± 17.2 mm Hg, P = .160) after 6 hours and the pH (7.39 ± 0.07 vs 7.39 ± 0.08, P = .743), PaO2 (84.3 ± 18.5 vs 84.7 ± 23.2 mm Hg, P = .934) and PaCO2 (47.0 ± 16.0 vs 49.6 ± 13.7 mm Hg, P = .422) after 24 hours were not significantly different.

CONCLUSION: There was no difference of the 30-day mortality and intubation rate between HFNC and NIV groups.


You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Trending on Read

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"