Aortic Aneurysm as a Complication of Myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-associated Vasculitis

Atsushi Satomura, Takayuki Fujita, Takashi Maruyama, Hiroaki Hamada, Yukinari Nozawa, Eiichi Takayama, Toshiharu Maruyama, Tomohiro Nakayama
Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland) 2017, 12: 468-473
Myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (MPO-AAV) does not usually involve large vessels, such as the aorta. However, we experienced three cases having an aortic aneurysm as a complication of MPO-AAV with renal insufficiency. In one patient it involved the onset of descending aortic dissection during treatment for MPO-AAV; another two patients had an abdominal aortic aneurysm at the time of our diagnosis of MPO-AAV. Although we found no pathological evidence in our patients, MPO-AAV might result in large vessel inflammation. Therefore, we suggest that patients with MPO-AAV should be examined by computed tomography scan to check for the presence of an aortic aneurysm.

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