OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
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Case-control study of endoscopic polypectomy in clinic (EPIC) versus endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis with polyps.

Rhinology 2018 June 2
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic Polypectomy In Clinic (EPIC) is a recently described deescalated form of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) performed in the outpatient clinic for patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with polyps (CRSwNP). The quality of life benefit of EPIC in comparison to ESS is not known. The purpose of this study was to determine if the disease specific quality of life measured with the SNOT-22 attained with EPIC is similar to that attained with ESS for patients with CRSwNP.

METHODS: A multi-institutional observational case-control study was performed to evaluate quality of life improvement in patients treated with ESS and EPIC for CRSwNP with a 3 month follow-up. Predicted probability of undergoing EPIC was calculated by fitting a logistic regression model using clinically relevant variables. EPIC patients were matched to ESS patients in a 1:1 fashion.

RESULTS: 24 pairs were analyzed after matching. There was no statistical difference in the post-treatment SNOT-22 scores or proportion of patients achieving a minimal clinically important difference.

CONCLUSIONS: In appropriate CRSwNP patients, the EPIC procedure may provide disease specific quality of life improvement similar to that seen with patients who undergo traditional ESS.

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