JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Impact of volume status and volume therapy on the kidney

David A Roberts, Andrew D Shaw
Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology 2017, 31 (3): 345-352
29248141
Volume resuscitation to correct hypotension in surgical and critically ill patients is a common practice. Available evidence suggests that iatrogenic volume overload is associated with worse outcomes in established acute kidney injury. Intraoperative arterial hypotension is associated with postoperative renal dysfunction, and prompt correction with fluid management protocols that combine inotrope infusions with volume therapy targeted to indices of volume responsiveness should be considered. From the perspective of renal function, the minimum amount of intravenous fluid required to maintain perfusion and oxygen delivery is desirable. Available evidence and expert opinion suggest that balanced crystalloid solutions are preferable to isotonic saline for volume resuscitation. Moreover, albumin has a similar safety profile as crystalloids. Hetastarch-containing colloids have a clear association with acute kidney injury.

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