JOURNAL ARTICLE
OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Clinical efficacy and safety of switch from bosentan to macitentan in children and young adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension.

BACKGROUND: Macitentan is an orally active, potent, dual endothelin receptor antagonist and is the only registered treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension that significantly reduced morbidity and mortality in a long-term event-driven study. Aim Few studies compared the clinical efficacy and safety of switch from bosentan to macitentan only in adult patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of switch from bosentan to macitentan in children and young adults.

METHODS: This is a single-institution, 24-week prospective study. Patients ⩾12 years of age with idiopathic/heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension or related to CHD or residual pulmonary arterial hypertension due to repaired congenital systemic-to-pulmonary shunts and on bosentan therapy were included. Concomitant treatment with oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors and inhaled prostanoids was allowed. Outcome measures included change from baseline to week 24, in the 6-minute walk distance, functional class, oxygen saturation at rest/after 6-minute walk distance test, systolic pulmonary artery pressure estimated by echocardiography, and brain natriuretic peptide levels. Safety end points included adverse events laboratory abnormalities.

RESULTS: A total of 13 patients - 5 male and 8 female - completed the study. The mean age was 20.3±6.5 years (12-35) and weight was 54.0±14.5 kg (27-75). Five patients were ⩽18 years of age. Macitentan improved 6-minute walk distance from baseline (mean: 466±35 m (300-590)), at 12 weeks (mean: 494±78 m (325-590), +28 m) (p0.05). None of the patients had anaemia, hepatotoxicity, and peripheral oedema.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study is the first study that showed that switch from bosentan to macitentan significantly improved exercise capacity in children and young adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension and is well tolerated without any adverse events.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

Managing Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome.Annals of Emergency Medicine 2024 March 26

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app